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               Contents/Editorial                                                                                                  THE JOURNAL OF SPORT,  LEISURE & RISK  WITH AN INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVE             March 2022

             CONTENTS                                                                                                              Should sport make a

                                                                                                                                   political stand?

              Click to go to page:                                                                                                 There have been many times in the past            many examples where boycotts have been
                                                                                                                                   when sport has been used as a political           imposed on athletes because of politics,
              Editorial: Should sport make a political stand?                                            03                        football. There have been boycotts of             often because of alleged human rights
                                                                                                                                   Olympic Games, world sporting events and  abuses, as with the recent diplomatic
              Private Equity in Sport benefit or curse?                                                  05                        prohibitions on teams taking part in events.  boycott of the Beijing Winter Games. In
                                                                                                                                   Some of the causes were justified in many         1980, President Jimmy Carter announced
              Private Equity investment in A League football                                             08                        people’s minds – boycotting South African         that the US was boycotting the Moscow
                                                                                                                                   participation in sports events
              Barcelona: regeneration  or contagion?                                                     10                        during apartheid is one example.
                                                                                                                                   However, in most cases where
              Cricket: Lies and Sexchat                                                                  13                        boycotts have been used, if not all,         So, on this basis should
                                                                                                                                   it has been the politicians rather
                                                                                                                                   than the sports administrators who           the sporting world now
              Sports Specialisation or Diversification in Young Athletes?                                16
                                                                                                                                   have made these decisions.
              Pay Equity in Sport – more than just a gender question?                                    20                                                                     ignore President Putin’s
                                                                                                                                   It is generally a truism that sport
                                                                                                                                   and politics don’t mix and that it           aggression and bullying
              Beijing Olympics – A Games without spectators.                                             22
                                                                                                                                   is rarely acceptable for sport to be
                                                                                                                                   used for political purposes. Sport           against Ukraine?
              Olympian fostering future directors                                                        26                        should be open to all and above

               Transitioning out of sport                                                                28                        any political agenda.

                                                                                                                                   However, there are a few occasions when           Olympics because of the Soviet Union’s
              At Risk                                                                                    30                        sport may be justifiably used as a weapon         invasion of Afghanistan. This was initially
                                                                                                                                   against despotic aggression. The Berlin           supported by Britain and Australia, but
              Sport Shorts                                                                               34                        Olympics in 1936 was one example where            they eventually did send athletes. In 2020,
                                                                                                                                   sport became entangled with politics to           Sarah Hirshland, CEO of the Olympic and
              Legal Focus                                                                                38                        its detriment. Judge Jeremiah Mahoney,            Paralympic Committee, posted a letter
                                                                                                                                   President of the Amateur Athletics Union          on Twitter, stating “It’s abundantly clear
              World Sports News Roundup                                                                  44                        led efforts to boycott the 1936 Olympics          in hindsight that the decision to not send
                                                                                                                                   on the basis that Germany had broken              a team to Moscow had no impact on the
                                                                                                                                   Olympic rules forbidding discrimination           global politics of the era and instead only
                                                                                                                                   based on race and religion. The boycott           harmed you – American athletes who had
                                                                                                                                   movement failed and the event became              dedicated themselves to excellence and
                                                                                                                                   a propaganda coup for the Nazis where,            the chance to represent the US”.
                                                                                                                                   during the opening ceremony the Olympic
                                                                                                                                   torch was carried past rows of Hitler Youth       So, on this basis should the sporting world
                                                                                                                                   and Nazi flags were draped all over the           now ignore President Putin’s aggression
                                                                                                                                   stadium. Hitler refused to shake hands            and bullying against Ukraine?
                                                                                                                                   with four gold medal winner Jesse Owens
                                                                                                                                   because of his colour.
                                                                                                                                   In the intervening years, we have had             Several football associations, including

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