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                                                                                                                                                                   In the 1960s, student Jared

                                                                                                                                                                   Kass and his friends started
            SPORT PROFILE:                                                                                                                                         to formalise the rules, which

                                                                                                                                                                   combined elements of

                                                                                                                                                                   American football, baseball

            ULTIMATE FRISBEE                                                                                                                                       and basketball. The name

                                                                                                                                                                   Ultimate came from a moment

                                                                                                                                                                   when Kass made a perfect

                                                                                                                                                                   catch and decided he had

             By Timothy Mottram
                                                                                                                                                                   created the ultimate game

               W          hile the             History                          a league took shape. In 1975 the                   and if the numbers of the sexes on   be employed for a slap catch, but for   themselves.

                                                                                                                                                                                                         Ultimate players follow the golden
                                                                                                                                   each team allow it, there should be
                                                                                first tournament was held. The
                                                                                                                                                                     quick transitions, a single hand snatch
                                                 Even before the invention of the
                                                                                                                                                                                                      rule, which is that you should treat
                                               frisbee, college students had been
                                                                                game moved out of the confines of
                                                                                                                                                                     is more effective.
                                                                                                                                   four men and three women (or vice
                          sports just
                          keep getting         playing flying disk games since before   universities but it was only in 2017 that   versa) on each team.               Ultimate is a non-contact sport, and   others as they treat you. In Ultimate
             more commodified and              the 1940s. Tin pie lids skimmed   it became a varsity sport.                           The game starts with one team   any contact is considered a foul.   parlance, this is known as the Spirit of
                                                                                                                                                                                                      the Game.
                                                                                  Europe took to Ultimate in the
             contentious, there is one         through the air around colleges, and   late 1970s and the first European            throwing the disk to the opposition,   Self-regulation/ethos          When there is a foul, most often
                                                                                                                                   who then spread out and try to
                                               where there is an object to catch and
             team game that is inclusive       throw, rules will begin to accumulate.   Championship was held in Paris in          advance the frisbee by throwing it.   The counter-culture of the 60s   coming from a claim of travelling, the
             and collaborative: Ultimate       In the 1960s, student Jared Kass and   1980, with Finland the winners.              Once caught, the holder is allowed   left its imprint on the game. It was   teams discuss what they saw and how
             Frisbee. All over the world,      his friends started to formalise the   Today, there are 130,000 registered          three steps to settle their body. From   designed to be inclusive and not   it should be dealt with.
             millions of people are            rules, which combined elements   players and many millions more who                 there, they may pivot while keeping   driven by competition. What sets this   Ultimate is a fun, exciting sport
             joining mixed teams where         of American football, baseball and   play the sport all over the world.             one foot stationary. The defending   sport apart is that it is self-officiated.   that requires very little equipment or
             they are immediately part of      basketball. The name Ultimate came                                                  team can then count to 10, by which   Players who cause an infraction may   training. For this reason, it has become
             a group that looks to play in     from a moment when Kass made a   Rules                                              time the holder must release the disc.   just take the hit and make a turn   a global sport. But it is the spirit in
             the right spirit. This edition,   perfect catch and decided he had   Like American football, the goal is              If they fail to do so, it is turned over.   over. This level of honesty and self   which it is played that makes it special.
             Touchline profiles the game       created the ultimate game.       to be holding the frisbee within the                  There are no hard rules about the   awareness is not common in other
             that in many ways embodies          The game slowly grew and by    confines of the end zone. The game is              method for throwing or catching. For   sports but the ethos of Ultimate
             the sporting spirit.              1972 Rutgers beat Princeton as   usually played with seven on seven,                a more difficult catch, both hands may   means that players have to police

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