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                                            In the 1960s, student Jared

                                            Kass and his friends started
 SPORT PROFILE:                             to formalise the rules, which

                                            combined elements of

                                            American football, baseball

 ULTIMATE FRISBEE                           and basketball. The name

                                            Ultimate came from a moment

                                            when Kass made a perfect

                                            catch and decided he had

 By Timothy Mottram
                                            created the ultimate game

 W hile the   History  a league took shape. In 1975 the   and if the numbers of the sexes on   be employed for a slap catch, but for   themselves.

                                                                                  Ultimate players follow the golden
            each team allow it, there should be
 first tournament was held. The
                                              quick transitions, a single hand snatch
 Even before the invention of the
                                                                               rule, which is that you should treat
 frisbee, college students had been
 game moved out of the confines of
                                              is more effective.
            four men and three women (or vice
 sports just
 keep getting   playing flying disk games since before   universities but it was only in 2017 that   versa) on each team.   Ultimate is a non-contact sport, and   others as they treat you. In Ultimate
 more commodified and   the 1940s. Tin pie lids skimmed   it became a varsity sport.   The game starts with one team   any contact is considered a foul.   parlance, this is known as the Spirit of
                                                                               the Game.
 Europe took to Ultimate in the
 contentious, there is one   through the air around colleges, and   late 1970s and the first European   throwing the disk to the opposition,   Self-regulation/ethos  When there is a foul, most often
            who then spread out and try to
 where there is an object to catch and
 team game that is inclusive   throw, rules will begin to accumulate.   Championship was held in Paris in   advance the frisbee by throwing it.   The counter-culture of the 60s   coming from a claim of travelling, the
 and collaborative: Ultimate   In the 1960s, student Jared Kass and   1980, with Finland the winners.   Once caught, the holder is allowed   left its imprint on the game. It was   teams discuss what they saw and how
 Frisbee. All over the world,   his friends started to formalise the   Today, there are 130,000 registered   three steps to settle their body. From   designed to be inclusive and not   it should be dealt with.
 millions of people are   rules, which combined elements   players and many millions more who   there, they may pivot while keeping   driven by competition. What sets this   Ultimate is a fun, exciting sport
 joining mixed teams where   of American football, baseball and   play the sport all over the world.  one foot stationary. The defending   sport apart is that it is self-officiated.   that requires very little equipment or
 they are immediately part of   basketball. The name Ultimate came   team can then count to 10, by which   Players who cause an infraction may   training. For this reason, it has become
 a group that looks to play in   from a moment when Kass made a   Rules  time the holder must release the disc.   just take the hit and make a turn   a global sport. But it is the spirit in
 the right spirit. This edition,   perfect catch and decided he had   Like American football, the goal is   If they fail to do so, it is turned over.   over. This level of honesty and self   which it is played that makes it special.
 Touchline profiles the game   created the ultimate game.  to be holding the frisbee within the   There are no hard rules about the   awareness is not common in other
 that in many ways embodies   The game slowly grew and by   confines of the end zone. The game is   method for throwing or catching. For   sports but the ethos of Ultimate
 the sporting spirit.  1972 Rutgers beat Princeton as   usually played with seven on seven,   a more difficult catch, both hands may   means that players have to police

 6  |  TOUCHLINEMAGAZINE.COM                                                     TOUCHLINEMAGAZINE.COM  |  7
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